17 Essential Tools For Your Model Railway Tool Box + Tips

When it comes to tools for model railways, there are a thousands of tools to chose from. You don’t need every tool on sale in B&Q but old hands in the hobby recommend the following as the 17 essential tools. What are you missing? 

#1 Craft Knife 

The knife in my toolbox is perhaps my most reached for tool – from electrics (cutting and stripping wires) to scenery (cutting plastics/card and foam) to weathering buildings and rolling stock. Invest in a good one, with replaceable blades – you won’t regret it. Craft, DIY and model shops will all be able to supply them.

#2 Small Headed Hammer

For some problems only a hammer will do! Aside from “correcting” mistakes, pushing in track pins is one such problem and for which a small headed hammer will come in handy.  Any good DIY store will carry a good selection of hammers.

Tip of the hat to @stevethomas6444 for this one.

multimeter#3 Multi-meter

Electrics are the lifeblood of your railway so a trusted means of measuring and testing current, voltage and resistance is a must.

Any High Street DIY store and many model shops will be happy to sell you a multi-meter, alternatively, the DIGIFLEX Volt Testing Digital Multimeter is great value for money with has 250+ positive reviews.

#4 Needle Nose Pliers 

Let’s face it, we all drop things from time to time and with the tiny size of some components in modelling and the tiny spaces present in model railways you’ll need a way of retrieving them and needle nose pliers are just ideal. They’ll also prove useful for precise positioning of the many tiny elements across your layout.

Some experienced track layers use them for inserting and of course removing track pins.  The Am-Tech Mini Extra Long Nose Pliers detailed here are highly rated but you’ll want a wide range of different sizes and lengths in your toolbox.

#5 Rail Cutters

If flexible track is your thing, a pair of rail cutters (under £15 via Amazon) are vital. The Xuron track cutter (details here) for HO, 00, N and Z Gauges are well regarded.

#6 Soldering Iron

As soon as your railway moves beyond “toy” and temporary table top construction and you start getting serious a soldering iron will be needed. A 25W or 30W soldering iron (with a replaceable tip) will be suitable for most tasks on your railway – bigger irons will likely melt your rails – and don’t forget to get a tip.

Kudos to @tanj666 for suggesting this.

#7  Scissors

Good scissors, of different sizes, are an essential in your tool box for model railways.

And this 5 piece set is highly recommended for everything from cutting card (scenic walls and adjusting Metcalfe cardboard buildings for instance) to cutting ballast and grass matts.

#8 Electric Drill

Power drills save a lot of effort especially around construction of the baseboard, drilling holes for wires to point motors, signals and lighting.

electric drillModel Railway Engineer Tip:

I’ve recently changed my preferred electric screw driver and drill, upgrading to this 18V Li-Ion Fast Charge Cordless Drill/Driver (pictured). It’s variable speed with 24 torque setting, comes 13 accessories, built in light and level bubble and at the time of writing is available at 50% off from Amazon. 


#9  Straight Edge Ruler

To be honest this is one I didn’t realise I needed until reading about, getting and then using it and I still can’t believe it didn’t have one for so long. You can’t go far wrong with any straight edge ruler but this one gets rave review if you can’t find one locally.

Pin-Point-Syringe#10 Point Syringe Kit 

When first starting out with models, it’s easy to try and get by. One example of this is when applying liquids – glues, oils etc. It’s all too easy to try and do this with brushes or even trying to drip fluids into place only to get difficult to remove substances splashed over building fronts or tracks which can be a pain to remove.

Since learning the hard way I now always use fine point or pin point syringes to precisely deposit fluid and haven’t looked back. The few pounds that sets such as these cost won’t be wasted.

#11 Cutting Matt While not strictly a tool, if you’re doing any kind of cutting (and you will) having a surface on which to work without slicing up the family table or kitchen worktops is a good investment. Cutting matts are available from most craft shops and eBay.

Money Saving Tip

This idea came from the Natfka blog for diorama’s but it’s a goodie. Look for dental sets, such as this kit via Amazon, as they contain several tools which are often needed for modelling and will be cheaper than buying them separately. For model railway modelling, look for sets containing picks – ideal for adding fine weathering or precise positioning – and most also contain mirrors which are handy for getting into tight corners to identify problems (under bridges etc).

#12 Hack Saw 

For cutting material to thick or strong for craft knife and scissors a good hack saw is a must. Whether it’s track cutting, slots for wiring or delicate adjustments to models having a good hack saw will make life easier.

#13  Screwdrivers

Big and small screw drivers are easily an essential in any tool box. For model trains, you’ll want a selection from a typical precision watch makers/jewellers screwdrivers set alongside a standard electrics set such as the Stanley FatMax Screwdriver Set.

#14 Brushes 

Is a brush classified as a tool? I don’t know but do know I regularly find myself reaching for a brush of one size of another. You’ll want a a wide and varied selection, for painting buildings and weathering to fine positioning of ballast. You’re local craft store will have a wide selection.

#15 Tweezers 

Hopefully, I don’t have to say much about tweezers! They’re great for fine positioning of delicate small items, pulling wires through holes and removing splinters when making baseboards

When buying tweezers, avoid the budget tweezers as these are poorly made from cheap metal and prone to bending or not meeting at the tips. Spending a bit more will save you time and money in the long run.

#16 Glue Gun

From building Metcalfe kits to fixing flexi-track and underlay to adding bulk to do-it-yourself made trees a glue gun (Melt Guns) makes life easier and faster for model railway hobbyists.

Model Railway Engineer Tip:

One tip from experience: Get a gun – such as this one – which has two heat settings so it can be used on both sensitive surfaces like thin card and more robust materials.

drill#17 Pin Vice

For small high precision drill work nothing beats a good quality Pin Vice. Able to hold very small scale drill bits (.3mm for example) bits while also giving precise control of the speed of rotation so as not to damage delicate materials you’ll find it becomes one of your most used tools.

I use a Modelcraft Pin Vice for detail work and the Rolson Archimedean Drill (pictured) for bits over 1mil.

So what tools could you not do without when working on your model railway? Share your suggestions in a comment.

Picture: Brushes from petitshoo

Disclaimer: Some links on this page will take you to Amazon or eBay through which you can buy the products mentioned. These links are made under the Amazon and eBay affiliate scheme which means that although the price to you doesn't change I get a small commission on the orders you place. Please see the disclaimer for more details.

PS, If you liked this, join over 21,000 model railway fans and sign up now to get my unique guides and tips. It's completely free, you can unsubscribe at any time and I promise to never spam you.
"Awesome stuff. I will be using your site a lot, for tips and ideas." @MuddingtonIII
Click here to get more free tips

  1. Wow that was odd. I just wrote an really long comment but
    after I clicked submit my comment didn’t show up.
    Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Regardless, just wanted to say superb blog!

Add Comment

Required fields are marked *. Your email address will not be published.

17 − four =